Quebec History Marianopolis College

Date Published:
January 2005

L’Encyclopédie de l’histoire du Québec / The Quebec History Encyclopedia


John Joseph Caldwell Abbott

Prime Minister of Canada, 1891-1892


Abbott, Sir John Joseph Caldwell (1821-1893). Educated at McGill University ; studied law and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 1847. A candidate for the Legislative Assembly for Argenteuil, 1857, but defeated by Sydney Bellingham. Bellingham subsequently unseated and Abbott declared elected, 1860. Solicitor-general for Lower Canada in Macdonald-Sicotte ministry, 1862-1863, and for a few days retained same position in Macdonald-­Dorion ministry. From 1867 to 1874 and from 1880 to 1887 represented Argenteuil in House of Commons. May, 1887, admitted to Macdonald ministry as minister without portfolio, and at same time appointed to Senate, where he became leader of the Conservative party. On death of Macdonald, became prime minister, June, 1891; held this position until ill health compelled him to resign, November, 1892. A recognized authority on questions of commercial and constitutional law. Framed Insolvent Act of 1864, and jury Law Consolidation Act of Lower Canada. Bib.: Annual Register, 1893; Terrill, Chronology of Montreal; Thomas; History of Argenteuil and Prescott; Weir, Sixty Years in Canada; Dent; Can. Por. and Last Forty Years.


Lawrence J. BURPEE, The Oxford Encyclopaedia of Canadian History, London and Toronto, Oxford University Press, 1926, 699p., p. 1.


© 2005 Claude Bélanger, Marianopolis College