Quebec History Marianopolis College

Date Published:
July 2005

L’Encyclopédie de l’histoire du Québec / The Quebec History Encyclopedia


Fort St. Joseph


Fort St. Joseph. There were at different times at least four forts of this name in Canada or its dependencies:


(1) A post built by Dulhut about 1685 on the St. Clair river, on the site of the present city of Port Huron. It was abandoned in 1688.


(2) A post built by the French in 1715 on the right bank of the St. Joseph river, about 50 miles from its mouth in lake Michigan, on the site of the present town of Grand Bend, Indiana. It was the main fort in that locality. In 1761 it was surrendered to the British, and in 1763 it was captured by Pontiac .


(3) A small post on the left bank of the Illinois river, opposite Fort Miami. It is shown on Carver's map of 1778.


(4) A North West Company post at the end of the peninsula at the southern end of St. Joseph island, at the outlet of the Sault Ste. Marie. It was built by the British troops about 1765; and in 1792 the North West Company established here a depot for building canoes. It was visited by Harmon in 1800.


Source  : W. Stewart WALLACE, ed., The Encyclopedia of Canada, Vol. II, Toronto, University Associates of Canada, 1948, 411p., p. 376. 

© 2005 Claude Bélanger, Marianopolis College