Quebec History Marianopolis College

Date Published:
July 2005

L’Encyclopédie de l’histoire du Québec / The Quebec History Encyclopedia


Crown Point


Crown Point, a fort on the west side of lake Champlain, which played an important part in the Seven Years' and American Revolutionary wars. It was so-called because of its location near a narrowing of the lake, called by the French Pointe à la Chevelure (anglicè, Scalp or Crown Point). In 1731 the French built a fort at this point, which they named Fort Frédéric ; and, though the English made repeated attempts to capture this post, they did not succeed in doing so until it was evacuated by the French, in 1759, after the capture of Ticonderoga by Amherst. After the conquest of Canada in 1760, Crown Point was garrisoned by British troops until May 10, 1774, when an American revolutionist, Seth Warner, captured it, with more than 200 cannon and a large quantity of ammunition. By the Peace of Versailles, in 1783, Crown Point fell south of the boundary line, in the state of New York ; and below the old fort there is now a thriving town. In 1910 the grounds containing the fort were constituted a public park.

Source: W. Stewart WALLACE, ed., The Encyclopedia of Canada, Vol. II, Toronto, University Associates of Canada, 1948, 411p., p. 153.


© 2005 Claude Bélanger, Marianopolis College