Quebec History Marianopolis College

Date Published:
July 2005

L’Encyclopédie de l’histoire du Québec / The Quebec History Encyclopedia


Charles Michel de Langlade


Langlade, Charles Michel de (1729-1800), fur-trader, was born at Michilimackinac in May, 1729, the son of Augustine Langlade, who had come to Michilimackinac to engage in the fur-trade in 1727. He engaged with his father in the fur-trade at Green Bay and elsewhere; and in 1755 he was in command of the Indians and coureurs-de-bois at the battle of the Monongahela. In 1758 he was appointed second-in-command at Michilimackinac; and in 1759 he led an Indian contingent from the West to Quebec, and fought with them at the Plains of Abraham. After the capture of Montreal, he returned to Michilimackinac; but during the American invasion of Canada, he led another contingent of Indians to Montreal, and he fought under Burgoyne in 1777. After the American Revolution, he was appointed an officer of the Indian department at Green Bay ; and he died there in January, 1800. In 1754 he married at Michilimackinac Charlotte Bourassa, and by her he had two daughters; but before this he had by an Ottawa woman a son named Charles, who was educated at Montreal, and who took part in the capture of Michilimackinac in 1812. This son married an Ottawa woman, and had by her two sons, Charles and Louis. Louis became an officer of the Indian department, and was a subaltern under Dominique Ducharme, at the battle of Beaver Dam in 1813. See J. Tassé, Les canadiens de l'ouest (Montreal, 1878).

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Source: W. Stewart WALLACE, ed., The Encyclopedia of Canada, Vol. III, Toronto, University Associates of Canada, 1948, 396p., p. 383.

© 2005 Claude Bélanger, Marianopolis College